Multimedia Design Journal: Leveraging Examples in e-Learning

It has been proven that learners bypass verbal descriptions in favor of examples. Research has proven that providing examples that allow one to make the connections themselves. Modeling examples are examples that uses a human to demonstrate a task. They include both illustrations and video depictions. There are two types; Cognitive and interpersonal skills. Cognitive uses and individual to demonstrate and solve a problem. Interpersonal is the performance of a task involve an interaction with another person.

Screen Shot 2016-02-16 at 11.25.30 PM.png

screen shot from: How to Wrap a Video Cable Properly!

The screenshot above is a an example of a Cognitive model. One person is teaching the physical active of how to properly wrap a cable using the under-over method.

There are 5 work example principles:

  • Fade from worked examples to problems: Where a worked example is initially provided then a partially worked example is provided for the learner to finish
  • Promote Self-Explanations: Promote deeper learning by allowing the learner to draw explanations on ones own.
  • Include Instructional Explanations of Worked Examples in Some Situations: Providing to optional choice to view help with an example. If to much help if given right away, learners become faster learners become less invested in the material.
  • Apply Multimedia Principles to Examples: use images, audio, video etc in addition to text to shows examples and convey information
  • Support Learning Transfer: Make sure the examples you include and create are transferable in to real situations.


e-Learning and the  Science of Instruction; Ruth Colvin Clark • Richard E. Mayer




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